But let’s start from the beginning: there is no history of wood without considering trees. They are the true friends of man and have been defined the true inhabitants of our planet: while plants could live very well (however better than they do now) without man, man, on the contrary, The Senate Hall or of the Pregadi in the Doge’s Palace of Venice, point of excellence of the Venetian artistic craftsmanship. it can not live without plants: with their silent presence, the trees are the only living beings that can melt solar energy with the energy of the earth, which with the chlorophyll synthesis purify the air and make it breathable for man .
Bottega di Cavalier dorator Campo Santo Stefano in Venice For this reason, man should reflect before breaking down a tree. These considerations risk, however, seem contradictory: on one hand the virtues of the trees are emphasized, on the other it enhances the beauty of the wooden objects of which man surrounds himself and which he obtains only at the cost of cutting down the plants. The contradiction is only apparent because today man has all the news and all the tools to implement an environmentally friendly development, to understand when he is about to undermine the subtle balance between wood consumption and regeneration of forests, to measure natural productivity of a forest discerning it from a wild deforestation.
But perhaps it is not correct to speak of “wood” generically, it would be more correct to deal with wood: in fact there are many and different types, the “essences” of wood, all with their own structure, a different compactness, a characteristic weight, a different behavior over time and in different climatic conditions, so much so that man has learned to use different woods for each of the objects he creates. In some cultures, such as in Central Africa, the use of various woods has been codified for thousands of years and an improper use of wood is considered offensive and sacrilegious.
The tubs for washing and the tubs for the bathroom were traditionally built with alder that does not rot and is very well preserved in contact with water, while it degrades only when it is left to dry. The barrels are built with oak because it is a resinous and waterproof wood, withstands the pressure caused by fermentation and gives the wine and grappa color and flavor. The cork is light and waterproof and is irreplaceable to properly preserve the wine in the bottle. The oak, the larch and the cedar are suitable for the construction of boats, while the balsa, porous, dry, light and easy to work is suitable for models.